In the essay writing examples above, you can see how each serves a distinct purpose. Sometimes, writers only want to offer facts and information (informative). Other times, they’re seeking to change the tide of people’s belief systems (argumentative). English author Edward Bulwer-Lytton wasn’t kidding when he said, “The pen is mightier than the sword.” With the right words and a well-developed argument, you can shape other people’s perceptions too.
Like the diner essay above, this sample excerpt from a student at St. Cloud State spruces up something as everyday as a local pawn shop.
- Brainstorm no matter whether your professor assigns a particular topic, or you are the one to choose an idea. Write down the list of ideas and conduct research to detect the amount of available information.
- If the topic is broad, narrow it down to make a concise story.
- Discover a creative angle; do not overwhelm the essay with personal opinion, but offer a minimum one new approach based on own judgments.
- Stay honest in the personal statement – never lie about things you cannot do as the college/university professors will reveal the lies sooner or later.
- Revise the essay before submitting it to the admissions officer/teacher.
- Contact field experts before moving to the next stage.
- Develop a presentation and supporting speech to perform in front of your class as it helps to prove your major points.
- Protect your essay with the copyright (all right reserved will prevent your work from being stolen or duplicated).
Once you are done with the high school-level writing, you will face the need to conduct research on your own and describe its findings. Such assignments are called research papers. A research paper is based on a study, and it contains the following sections:
Four Major Types of Essays
Distinguishing between types of essays is simply a matter of determining the writer’s goal. Does the writer want to tell about a personal experience, describe something, explain an issue, or convince the reader to accept a certain viewpoint? The four major types of essays address these purposes:
- 1. Narrative Essays: Telling a Story
In a narrative essay, the writer tells a story about a real-life experience. While telling a story may sound easy to do, the narrative essay challenges students to think and write about themselves. When writing a narrative essay, writers should try to involve the reader by making the story as vivid as possible. The fact that narrative essays are usually written in the first person helps engage the reader. “I” sentences give readers a feeling of being part of the story. A well-crafted narrative essay will also build towards drawing a conclusion or making a personal statement.
- 2. Descriptive Essays: Painting a Picture
A cousin of the narrative essay, a descriptive essay paints a picture with words. A writer might describe a person, place, object, or even memory of special significance. However, this type of essay is not description for description’s sake. The descriptive essay strives to communicate a deeper meaning through the description. In a descriptive essay, the writer should show, not tell, through the use of colorful words and sensory details. The best descriptive essays appeal to the reader’s emotions, with a result that is highly evocative.
- 3. Expository Essays: Just the Facts
The expository essay is an informative piece of writing that presents a balanced analysis of a topic. In an expository essay, the writer explains or defines a topic, using facts, statistics, and examples. Expository writing encompasses a wide range of essay variations, such as the comparison and contrast essay, the cause and effect essay, and the “how to” or process essay. Because expository essays are based on facts and not personal feelings, writers don’t reveal their emotions or write in the first person.
- 4. Persuasive Essays: Convince Me
While like an expository essay in its presentation of facts, the goal of the persuasive essay is to convince the reader to accept the writer’s point of view or recommendation. The writer must build a case using facts and logic, as well as examples, expert opinion, and sound reasoning. The writer should present all sides of the argument, but must be able to communicate clearly and without equivocation why a certain position is correct.
Most students meet certain problems when it comes to essay writing. The main reason for this is that they don’t fully understand what it should be like.
When it comes to this type of essay, it should be noted that it is quite useful for any student on any level of education. The ultimate goal of this essay is to persuade the reader to take the author’s viewpoint. It is not an easy thing to do as this paper is aimed at manipulating the other people’s thoughts to change their attitude towards something.
Did you know the word ‘essay’ is derived from a Latin word ‘exagium’, which roughly translates to presenting one’s case? So essays are a short piece of writing representing one’s side of the argument or one’s experiences, stories, etc. Essays are very personalized. So let us learn about types of essays, format, and tips for essay-writing.
An essay is generally a short piece of writing outlining the writer’s perspective or story. It is often considered synonymous with a story or a paper or an article. Essays can be formal as well as informal. Formal essays are generally academic in nature and tackle serious topics. We will be focusing on informal essays which are more personal and often have humorous elements.